11 - Warsaw University
The university was established in 1816 at the request of Tsar Alexander I. One of the initiators of the establishment of the university were count Stanisław Potocki and priest Stanisław Staszic. Although at that time the Kingdom of Poland belonged to the Russian Empire, it had a certain autonomy. An example of this is not only the establishment of a university but also a widely developed cultural activity. Initially, the university had only faculties: Law and Administration, Medicine, Philosophy, Theology, Sciences and Fine Arts. The emblem that has been approved and is still in force today is the crowned eagle surrounded by five stars, symbolizing the initial five faculties. He holds a palm branch in his left claw and a laurel in his right claw. The university itself was located at Krakowskie Przedmieście Street, earmarking for its activities the palaces previously owned by magnate families. The library of the newly established university was located in the 17th-century Kazimierzowski Palace. The kings of the Vasa dynasty, Władysław IV and Jan Kazimierz, previously resided here. In the 18th century, a Knight’s School operated here, established for young people from aristocratic families. An interesting object is the Hospital of St. Roch, built in the late baroque style. It was created at the beginning of the 18th century for the needs of the brotherhood of St. Roch. Even in the nineteenth century, there were clinics of a medical school, and in the interwar period, a city hospital. Currently, the Institute of Polish Culture, student organizations and a medical clinic operate here.